The list of mosses of the Herbarium Ministerii Iranici Agriculturae ("IRAN")

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Associate Prof., Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, Iran

10.22092/botany.2022.359709.1322

Abstract

Since establishment of the Herbarium Ministerii Iranici Agriculturae ("IRAN") in 1945, during field excursions to different regions of Iran, while sampling flowering plants along with some minor collections of mosses, after establishment of the herbarium of mosses in 1997, in order to expanding the said herbarium, regular samplings were started by the author in the form of research projects. While trying to identify the moss samples, taking into consideration of extensive molecular researches and phylogenetic analyses which are being carried out worlwidely, the scientific names of this group of plants, resembling other plants, are always subject to change at different taxonomic levels, hence it becomes necessary to update this information every now and then. Based on this, by reviewing all the moss samples in the above-mentioned herbarium using reliable sources, more than 240 species were identified, of which the names of 39 taxa were updated. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to present the first list of mosses of the “IRAN” herbarium including 248 species, 92 genera belonging to 37 families under 12 orders and four classes.
 
 

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [فارسی]

فهرست خزه‌های هرباریوم وزارت جهاد کشاورزی ("IRAN")

Author [فارسی]

  • سعید شیرزادیان
عضو هیات علمی موسسه تحقیقات گیاهپزشکی کشور
Abstract [فارسی]

از آغاز تاسیس هرباریوم وزارت جهاد کشاورزی ("IRAN") در سال 1324، طی ماموریت‌های صحرایی به مناطق مختلف ایران و نمونه‌برداری از گیاهان آوندی، علاوه بر جمع‌آوری‌های اندکی که از خزه‌ها نیز صورت می‌گرفت، پس از تاسیس مجموعه خزه‌ها یکی از زیرمجموعه‌های هرباریوم فوق در سال 1376، به منظور توسعه آن، نمونه‌برداری‌های منظم در قالب پروژه‌های تحقیقاتی توسط نگارنده آغاز گردید. ضمن مبادرت به شناسایی نمونه‌ها، به مواردی برخورد می‌شد که با بررسی‌های مولکولی و تجزیه و تحلیل‌های تبارزایشی که طی دهه‌های اخیر در مورد این گیاهان انجام ‌گرفته، اسامی علمی آن‌ها نیز همچون دیگر رستنی‌ها، همواره دستخوش تغییراتی در سطوح مختلف تاکسونومیکی گردیده که لازم است هر از چندگاهی این اطلاعات روزآمد شوند. بر این اساس، با بازنگری کل نمونه‌های خزه موجود در هرباریوم مذکور با استفاده از منابع معتبر، بیش از 240 گونه شناسایی گردید که از این میان، نام 39 آرایه بروزرسانی و تصحیح شد. لذا هدف از این نوشتار، ارایه نخستین فهرست خزه‌های هرباریوم "IRAN" شامل 248 گونه، 92 جنس متعلق به 37 تیره تحت 12 راسته و چهار رده می‌باشد.
 
 

Keywords [فارسی]

  • آرایه
  • ایران
  • تاکسونومی
  • شناسایی
  • نمونه‌برداری
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Volume 23, Issue 1 - Serial Number 63
September 2022
Pages 131-156
  • Receive Date: 15 July 2022
  • Revise Date: 16 August 2022
  • Accept Date: 22 August 2022
  • First Publish Date: 01 September 2022