New species of Chaetomiaceae and Didymosphaeriaceae families for funga of Iran

Document Type : Systematics and Biodiversity of Fungi

Authors

1 PhD Student in Plant Pathology, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, 31587-77871, Iran

2 Associate Prof. in Mycology, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, 31587-77871, Iran

10.22092/botany.2022.359223.1312

Abstract

During the summer and autumn of 2020, in order to identification of some fungal taxa associated with plants, gardens, weeds and forests of Alborz, Gorgan, Guilan and Mazandaran provinces (north of Iran) were surveyed and infected plant samples were collected from grapevine (Vitis vinifera), Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), blackthorn (Prunus spinosa), and little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor) plants. After isolation and purification of fungal strains, morphological and molecular investigations were performed using the sequences of the ITS rDNA genomic regions. Based on combined morphology and molecular data, four fungal species belonging to four different genera of Chaetomiaceae (Sordariales, Sordariomycetes) including Ovatospora brasiliensis from grapevine tree, Dichotomopilus erectus from Mediterranean cypress and Staphylotrichum longicolle from little seed canary grass, and Didymosphaeriaceae (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes) including Pseudopithomyces chartarum from blackthorn are identified and introduced here for the first time. In the present study, all identified genera and species are new for the funga of Iran. In addition, little seed canary grass, grapevine tree, blackthorn, and Mediterranean cypress are reported as new hosts (matrix nova) for these recovered fungal taxa in the world.
 
 

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

معرفی گونه‌های جدید از تیره‌های Chaetomiaceae و Didymosphaeriaceae برای فونگای ایران

Authors [فارسی]

  • عباس آتشی خلیل آباد 1
  • خلیل بِردی فتوحی فر 2
1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته بیماری‌شناسی گیاهی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، 77871-31587، ایران
2 دانشیار گرایش قارچ‌شناسی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، 77871-31587، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

در تابستان و پاییز سال 1399، برای شناسایی برخی آرایه‌های قارچی مرتبط با گیاهان، از باغ‌ها و جنگل‌های استان‌های البرز، گلستان، گیلان و مازندران بازدید به عمل آمد و از گیاهان مو (Vitis vinifera)، سرو زربین (Cupressus sempervirens)، آلو بخارا (Prunus spinosa) و علف قناری (Phalaris minor) دارای علایم بیماری، نمونه‌برداری انجام شد. پس از جداسازی و خالص‌سازی، شناسایی ریخت‌شناختی و مولکولی آرایه‌ها با استفاده از توالی‌یابی نواحی ژنومی ITS rDNA صورت گرفت. براساس تلفیق داده‌های حاصل از ریخت‌شناسی و مولکولی، در تحقیق حاضر، چهار گونه متعلق به چهار جنس مختلف از تیره Chaetomiaceae (رده Sordariomycetes، راسته Sordariales) شامل گونه­های Ovatospora brasiliensis از مو، Dichotomopilus erectus از سرو زربین و Staphylotrichum longicolle از علف قناری و همچنین تیره Didymosphaeriaceae (رده Dothideomycetes، راسته Pleosporales) شامل گونه Pseudopithomyces chartarum از آلو بخارا، شناسایی و معرفی می‌شوند که تمام جنس‌ها و گونه‌های به دست آمده برای فونگای ایران جدید هستند. همچنین درختان مو، سرو زربین، آلو بخارا و علف قناری به عنوان میزبان‌های جدید برای این آرایه‌ها در دنیا گزارش می‌شوند.
 
 

Keywords [فارسی]

  • آرایه
  • تبارزایی
  • تنوع زیستی
  • رده‌بندی
  • میکرومیست
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Volume 23, Issue 1 - Serial Number 63
September 2022
Pages 114-130
  • Receive Date: 03 July 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 July 2022
  • Accept Date: 01 August 2022
  • First Publish Date: 10 August 2022