Nectary structure and its taxonomic significance in the genus Matthiola

Document Type : Systematics and Biodiversity of Plants

Authors

1 Assistant Prof., Research Division of Natural Resources, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center (AREEO), Shahrekord, Iran

2 Prof., Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran 1571914911, Iran

3 Prof., Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), P.O. Box 13185–116, Tehran, Iran

4 Prof., Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

10.22092/botany.2022.357957.1297

Abstract

Nectary morphology of Matthiola species (Brassicaceae) in the Flora Iranica area was examined using a stereomicroscope to evaluate its systematic significance and assess infrageneric relationships. The study demonstrated that, most characters of the nectaries were constant among different populations of a given species and were taxonomically useful in the delimitation of species, and their grouping. However, nectary morphology was variable in some species. Reliable diagnostic features included; type and number of nectaries, morphology of lateral nectary, presence vs. absence, length, and distance of ramifications extending of lateral nectaries. The type and number of nectaries were useful in grouping of species. Three basic types of nectaries were present in the genus of which two lunar-shaped nectaries were predominated. The type and number of nectaries were unique in Matthiola alyssifolia and M. longipetala. The nectar structure was usually constant among individuals of different populations of polymorphic species of M. chenopodiifolia, M. revolute, and M. longipetala.
 
 

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

ساختار بافت نوشجای و اهمیت آرایه‌شناختی آن در جنس چلیپا

Authors [فارسی]

  • امین زراعتکار 1
  • فرخ قهرمانی‌نژاد 2
  • مصطفی اسدی 3
  • احمدرضا خسروی 4
1 استادیار پژوهش بخش منابع طبیعی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان چهارمحال و بختیاری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، شهرکرد، ایران
2 استاد گروه علوم گیاهی، دانشکده علوم زیستی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران 1571914911، ایران
3 استاد پژوهش مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگل‌ها و مراتع کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران
4 استاد گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

ریخت‌شناسی ساختار بافت نوشجای در جنس چلیپا (Matthiola) متعلق به کلمیان در محدوده فلورا ایرانیکا با استفاده از استریومیکروسکوپ به منظور درک ارزش سیستماتیکی و روابط فروجنسی آن مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. در این مطالعه، مشخص شد که بیشتر ویژگی‌های این بافت در بین جمعیت‌های یک گونه ثابت ولی بین گونه‌های مختلف این جنس متنوع هستند. ویژگی‌های قابل اتکا عبارتند بودند از: نوع و تعداد نوشجای‌ها، شکل نوشجای کناری، حضور یا فقدان، طول و فاصله ضمایم نوشجای کناری. در بین این ویژگی‌ها نوع و تعداد نوشجای در ارایه یک گروه‌بندی مفید هستند. سه نوع نوشجای در جنس مذکور دیده شد که ساختار آن‌ها در بیشتر گونه‌ها به صورت دو نوشجای قَمری شکل بود. Matthiola alyssifolia و M. longipetala از نظر نوع و تعداد نوشجای بین گونه‌ها منحصر به فرد بودند. همچنین، شکل این بافت در بین افراد جمعیت­های مختلف گونه­های چندریختی در M. longipetala، M. revoluta و M. chenopodiifolia نسبتا یکسان بود.
 
 

Keywords [فارسی]

  • انواع نوشجای
  • چلیپاییان
  • رده‌بندی
  • ریخت­شناسی
  • غده شهد
  • نوشجای گلی
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Volume 23, Issue 1 - Serial Number 63
September 2022
Pages 45-58
  • Receive Date: 26 February 2022
  • Revise Date: 21 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 26 April 2022
  • First Publish Date: 26 July 2022