Species distribution patterns of Ferula sect. Merwia

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Research Assistant Prof., Botany Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), P.O. Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Ferula, one of the largest genera of Apiaceae, phytogeographically is distributed in the central and eastern parts of the Irano-Turanian, Mediterranean and northern parts of the Saharo-Sindian regions. Ferula sect. Merwia contains several economically important species that have a distinctive distributional pattern in the Irano-Turanian region. In the present study, a clustering distance analysis was performed with 608 recorded points for 29 species of the sect. Merwia and compared with the phylogenetic analysis on nrDNA ITS sequences. Distribution maps of the species together with richness and prediction maps were drawn through DIVA-GIS program. Through clustering analysis, the sect. Merwia as an Irano-Turanian element is classified into seven groups and the concentration of several groups correlated with the richness areas. It encompasses three regions as hotspots with the highest species richness, including Zagros Mts., Khorassan-Kopet Dagh, and central Afghanistan. The habitat suitability map follows the richness areas with more widespread towards mountainous district. According to AOO criterion of IUCN, the species of sect. Merwia have been categorized as EN and CR that need to be severely conserved from extinction risk.
 
 

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

الگوی پراکنش گونه‌های بخش Merwia در جنس Ferula

Authors [فارسی]

  • مهرنوش پناهی
  • محمد محمودی
استادیار پژوهش بخش تحقیقات گیاه‌شناسی، مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگل‌ها و مراتع کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، صندوق پستی 116-13185، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

جنس Ferula یکی از بزرگ‌ترین جنس‌های تیره چتریان (Apiaceae)، از نظر جغرافیای گیاهی در بخش‌های مرکزی و شرقی ناحیه ایرانی-تورانی، مدیترانه‌ای و بخش شمالی صحرا-سندی پراکنده شده است. در طبقه‌بندی پیشنهادی جدید برای این جنس، بخش Merwia دارای چندین گونه مهم از نظر اقتصادی است که الگوی پراکندگی منحصر به فردی در ناحیه ایرانی-تورانی نشان می‌دهند. آنالیز خوشه‌بندی براساس فاصله (عدم تشابه) برای 608 نمونه از 29 گونه این بخش انجام شد و نتایج با درخت حاصل از آنالیز تبارشناختی توالی‌هایITS  هسته‌ای مقایسه گردید. نقشه‌های پراکندگی، غنای گونه‌ای و پیش‌بینی برای حضور گونه‌های بخش Merwia توسط نرم‌افزار DIVA-GIS ترسیم گردید. طبق آنالیز خوشه‌بندی، بخش Merwia به عنوان یک عنصر ایرانی-تورانی به هفت گروه تقسیم می‌شود، به‌ طوری‌ که تمرکز چند گروه با نواحی غنای گونه‌ای در ارتباط است. نتایج بررسی حاضر نشان داد که سه ناحیه با غنای گونه‌ای بالا در زاگرس، خراسان-کپه داغ و مرکز افغانستان مشخص می‌گردد. نقشه پیش‌بینی برای زیستگاه‌های مناسب با مراکز غنای گونه‌ای هماهنگی دارد و بیشتر به سمت مناطق کوهستانی گسترش می‌یابد. طبق مقیاس AOO در IUCN، گونه‌های بخشMerwia  به صورت در معرض خطر انقراض و در بحران انقراض قرار می‌گیرند که این امر نیازمند حفاظت شدید آن‌ها می‌باشد.
 
 

Keywords [فارسی]

  • ایرانی-تورانی
  • چتریان
  • لیست قرمز
  • نقاط تنوع
  • نقشه پراکندگی
  • غنای گونه‌ای
  • Ferulinae
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Volume 22, Issue 2 - Serial Number 62
December 2021
Pages 159-185
  • Receive Date: 13 May 2021
  • Revise Date: 10 July 2021
  • Accept Date: 07 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 07 November 2021